What does Eczema look like?
The exact nature of the eczema, the location on the body, and whether it is accompanied by other symptoms, depends on the type of eczema that is present.
Seborrheic eczema is greasy, sharply demarcated, scaly patches of skin that usually do not itch. They usually appear on skin with many greasy glands. Many of these so-called sebaceous glands are located in the head and facial skin, which is why eczema on the face and eczema on the scalp are usually seborrheic dermatitis.
Atopic eczema can look like dry, reddened patches of skin that cause intense itching. The area of skin on which it is located depends on the age of the person affected.
When infants have atopic dermatitis, it mostly shows on the outsides of the arms and legs as well as on the face. In children, adolescents and adults, the atopic dermatitis causes so-called flexural eczema, which mainly forms behind the knees and in arm-bends, and on the hands, neck and other parts of the body, and might be partially crusted.
Contact eczema can look very different. The appearance depends strongly on which substance caused the eczema. Characteristic of contact dermatitis is that they occur only at skin sites that have come into contact with the triggering stimulus.
Allergic contact dermatitis, on the other hand, can trigger disseminated secondary eczema, which means it spreads out from the point of contact. In addition, allergic contact eczema is usually itchy.